Elephant Research and Monitoring

The African savannah elephant is the largest extant terrestrial mammal in the world. Elephants are highly intelligent and social animals and play an important role as ecosystem engineers.Tanzania is home to the third-largest population of African savannah elephants on the continent, and the largest in East Africa comprising about 60% of East Africa’s elephants. Elephants are one of the charismatic species that make Tanzania such a popular destination for wildlife tourism. Furthermore, elephants are of conservation concern as they have experienced significant population decline in Africa and in Tanzania due to poaching for ivory. African savannah elephant populations are also threatened by human-elephant conflict and habitat loss. African savannah elephants were recently classified as endangered which further signals that elephant population is in trouble. 

Therefore, it is important to make commitment to protecting landscape areas large enough to conserve viable elephant populations of global importance. TEF conduct its research and monitoring program in Arusha National Park, Enduimet WMA, Mkomazi-Tsavo ecosystem and Tarangire-Manyara ecosystem. Our research and monitoring program aims to;

  • Identify human-elephant interaction hotspot areas and their nature and suggest innovative  mitigation measures to be adopted and implemented to curb the threats
Identify human-elephant interaction hotspot areas
  • Assess elephant demography using monthly vehicle transects, opportunistic sampling and develop elephant ID database of known individuals to monitor population structure over time
Assess elephant demography 1
  • Determine elephant movements using GPS collars as well as trail and transmitter camera traps to understand home ranges, habitat use, migratory routes, distribution and activity pattern
elephant collaring
  • Monitor human-elephant conflict and evaluate the effectiveness of mitigation measures used to curb human-elephant conflict